Access C3Places open source eBook on making public spaces more responsive and inclusive

The eBook Co-Creation of Public Open Places – Practice – Reflection – Learning  is an achievement of the project C3Places – using ICT for co-creation of inclusive public places (funded in JPI Urban Europe ERA-NET Cofund Smart Urban Futures). The e-book and its corresponding platform MyC3Place address the outcomes and results of C3Places and show pathways to increase the quality of public open spaces (squares, parks, green spaces) as a community’s service. Members of JPI Urban Europe Management board contributed to the intro chapter “Are urban living labs the new normal in co-creating places?”.


In 17 chapters different invited authors share their experiences in actively involving stakeholders in the production of more sustainable public spaces. The book aims to spark discussion on the co-creation for more inclusive, attractive and responsive public open spaces. It intends to help researchers, governments and drivers in understanding and implementing more collaborative actions. The authors share experiences, visions and reflections on how co-creation and participatory processes can open up possibilities for a sustainable and equitable future. This book emphasises three dimensions: practice, reflection, and learning. Practice concerns driving actions, identified and analysed experiences that serve as key models. Reflection refers to exploring and examining the results and performances of a co-creation process. Learning approaches the knowledge transfer and replication induced by the synergy of the different actors involved in this book, edited by Carlos Smaniotto Costa/Universidade Lusófona – CeiED, Marluci Menezes/LNEC, Monika Mačiulienė/Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania), and Barbara Goličnik Marušić/ UIRS (Slovenia).

“The way we see it, ‘Urban Living Labs 2.0’ has the possibility to legitimise (placemaking and public space investments) and decentralize (power and decision making). If urban living labs could truly streamline with urban governance, realize and communicate their full learning potentials and many co-benefits to their environs, then the co-creation of open public spaces would no longer be considered a ‘side activity’ in urban strategies or a ‘tick in the box’ for citizen participation in decision making. It would be a self-explanatory and absolutely necessary instrument in sustainable urban development – an instrument which we, at this point in history, simply cannot afford to overlook.” (p. 21)

Source: Smaniotto Costa, C., Mačiulienė, M., Menezes, M., & Goličnik Marušić, B. (Eds.) (2020). Co-Creation of Public Open Places. Practice – Reflection – Learning. C3Places Project. Lisbon: Lusófona University Press. Doi: Access the book and more C3Places publications here.




Carlos Smaniotto Costa, Marluci Menezes, Monika Mačiulienė and Barbara Goličnik Marušić (8-16)

Are urban living labs the new normal in co-creating places?

Jonas Bylund, Johannes Riegler, Caroline Wrangsten – 17-21.


Part I – Co-creation and participative processes

1.1        Understanding co-creation within the urban open space development process

Barbara Goličnik Marušić, Ina Šuklje Erjavec – 25-37.

1.2 – Assessing Digital Co-Creation in Urban Transformations: Case of Vilnius

Aelita Skaržauskienė, Monika Mačiulienė, Laura Gudelytė – 39-53.

1.3 – The production of public open spaces and the deliberate exclusion of undesirables

Carlos Smaniotto Costa, Catarina Patrício – 55-69.

1.4 – Public Spaces, spaces of public domain: Icons of a contemporary simulacrum?

Manoel Rodrigues Alves – 71-83.

1.5 – Exploring co-creation as a learning process to (re)think public space from a transformative perspective

Marluci Menezes, Diogo Mateus – 85-94.

1.6 – Participatory Design as a Tool to Create Resourceful Communities in Sweden

Agatino Rizzo, Björn Ekelund, Jenny Bergström, Kristina Ek – 95-107.

1.7 – Placemaking with teenagers. Experiences driven from thematic workshops on urban planning

Inês Almeida, Joana Solipa Batista, Filipa Lourenço – 109-123.

1.8 – The design of co-participation processes in public spaces in São Paulo as university extension project: The revitalization process of Dom Orione and Major Freire Squares

Débora Sanches, Sérgio Ricardo Lessa Ortiz – 125-136.

1.9 – Use and appropriation as the everyday design of public space in the Bexiga NEIGHBOURHOOD (são paulo)

Lucas Ariel Gomes, Silvia A. Mikami G. Pina – 137-148.

1.10 – Producing collaborative public space – The Laboratory of Intervention in Architecture in situ / experiment

Filipa Ramalhete – 149-162.


Part II – The digital in the production public open spaces

2.1 – Categorisation of digital tools for co-creation of public open spaces. Key aspects and possibilities

Ina Šuklje Erjavec, Vita Žlender – 165-183.

2.2 – Modifying and co-creating the urban soundscape through digital technologies

Dick Botteldooren, Toon De Pessemier, Karlo Filipan, Kang Sun, Bert De Coensel, Timothy Van Renterghem – 185-200.

2.3 – The effect of public places on community resilience. A case study of the role of social and digital tools in the City of Volos (Greece)

Tatiana Ruchinskaya, Konstantinos Lalenis – 201-214.

2.4 – Technology and community communication: the use of the radio broadcasting as a strategy for urban sustainability

Edney Mota Almeida, Lúcio Hanai Valeriano Viana – 215-226.

2.5 – Web 2.0 tools as framework for participation and co-creation

Igor Bizjak – 227-241.

2.6 – Planning of public open spaces with digital tools. The example of the WAY CyberParks

Tiago Duarte, Diogo Mateus – 243-255.

Notes on Contributors255-263




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