Through modelling of urban development scenarios and the use of decision support tools, we can better understand how community resilience in relation to natural and anthropogenic stresses can be strengthened by the optimal integration of FWE technology hubs at varying scales.

Developing sustainable future cities depends on the opportunities to optimally integrate and mobilize food, water and energy (FWE) resources in a synergistic way to reduce water, carbon, and ecological footprints, and to increase the community resilience against challenges exacerbated by climate change, population growth, and resources depletion.

Results and outcomes

The  System Dynamics Model establishes which heating technologies produce the least carbon emissions per neighbourhood for different rates of building insulation and decarbonisation of electricity supply. Since the municipality organizes participation for decision-making on a neighbourhood scale, the modeling framework is also applied on a neighbourhood level, generating information at decision-relevant scales, which can be aggregated to city-level emissions.

Find out more about the System Dynamics Model for the food-water-energy studies in Orlando: Final Publication Study 1 and Final Publication Study 2

Other results

Policy brief – Enlarge the focus

Article: The water use of heating pathways to 2050: analysis of national and urban energy scenarios

Read the results interview!


ENLARGE – Enabling large-scale adaptive integration of technology hubs to enhance community resilience through decentralized urban FWE nexus decision support
Duration: 2018–2021
Internet: enlarge-nexus.org/
Contact: Dr. Edo Abraham, Delft University of Technology, Dr. Ni-Bin Chang, University of Central Florida
E-mail: e.abraham@tudelft.nl, nchang@ucf.edu
Budget: 1.072.421 €
Partners: Delft University of Technology, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions, University of Central Florida, IRSTEA, ECOSEC, ECOFILAE, University of Florida, Florida Solar Energy Center, Southeast Florida Regional Climate ChangeCompact – Resilient Redesign, Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction Miami.




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